Mario L. Occelli's Advances in Fluid Catalytic Cracking: Testing, PDF

By Mario L. Occelli

ISBN-10: 1420062549

ISBN-13: 9781420062540

Refiners’ efforts to comply to more and more stringent legislation and a choice for fuels derived from renewable resources have mandated adjustments in fluid cracking catalyst expertise. Advances in Fluid Catalytic Cracking: trying out, Characterization, and Environmental laws explores contemporary advances and options during this vital part of petroleum refining know-how and evaluates how the has been replaced via environmental rules world wide. dimension, checking out, and development sleek spectroscopic options stay necessary to the knowledge of catalyst functionality and feedstock houses. The publication features a unique overview of using adsorption microcalorimetry to degree acidity, acid website density, and the power of the most powerful acid websites in heterogenous catalysts. It additionally discusses using 1H-NMR to symbolize the homes of a FCCU feedstock. additionally, the ebook dedicates numerous chapters to pilot plant checking out of catalysts and nontraditional feedstocks, maximizing and enhancing LCO (heating oil) construction and caliber, and bettering FCCU operations. Complying with the EPA The EPA has pointed out the petroleum refining as a precise enforcement quarter for the fresh Air Act (CAA) handed in 1970 and the CAA Amendments of 1990. the ultimate chapters of the booklet research the evolution of the EPA’s makes an attempt to inspire the refining to go into into voluntary consent decrees to conform with the CAA and the 1990 amendments. The ebook describes consent decree negotiations in addition to FCC emissions (SOx, NOx, CO, PM) aid applied sciences via consent decree implementations. Containing contributions from a panel of globally specialists, the publication demonstrates how the worldwide shift towards environmentalism has engineered major alterations within the petroleum refining at a serious point.

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Extra resources for Advances in Fluid Catalytic Cracking: Testing, Characterization, and Environmental Regulations (Chemical Industries)

Sample text

FCC will produce a high yield (40–50 wt%) of cracked naphtha Â�boiling in the 35–221°C range that will require relatively simple adjustments to meet motor gasoline specifications. As long as there is a strong market for motor gasoline, FCC will remain a very profitable process. Recent changes in the fuel market, however, have weakened the demand for gasoline and are eroding FCC profitability. In the Otto or gasoline engine, ignition temperature of the air–fuel mixture must be high to avoid knocking and the fuel must have a high octane number, which is favored by thermodynamically stable aromatic hydrocarbons.

January, 2009. Short-Term Outlook. html 2. Ritter, R. , and Greighton, J. E. Producing Light Cycle Oil in the Cat Cracker. Davison Catalagram 69 (1984): 5. 3. , Harding, R. , Nee, J. R. , and Boock, L. T. ” Applied Catalysis A: General 204 (2000): 89–106. 4. Young, G. , and Weatherbee, G. D. FCCU Studies with an Adiabatic Circulating Pilot Unit. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, San Francisco, 1989. 5. Kayser, J. C. Versatile Fluidized Bed Reactor.

Anderson, P. , Sharkey, J. , and Walsh, R. P. J. Inst. of Pet. 58 (1972): 83. 2. ANP. br 3. Boock, L. , and Zhao, X. American Chemical Society. Division of Petroleum Chemistry Preprints. 211th ACS, New Orleans, March 1996. 4. De Lasa, H. I. S. 628, 1992. 5. Dornelles, R. G. 1st International Symposium on Fuels, Bio-Fuels and Emissions. AEA, São Paulo, May 2008. 6. Guibet, J. C. Fuels and Engines: Technology, Energy, Environment, Vol. 1, 220–345. Technip, Paris, 1999. 7. Kayser, J. S. 012, 2000.

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Advances in Fluid Catalytic Cracking: Testing, Characterization, and Environmental Regulations (Chemical Industries) by Mario L. Occelli

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