By Genevieve Prevost (Eds.)
Extensive experiences were carried out on a variety of parasitoid species, and just about all assorted methods of the biology of parasitoids were, at least one time, studied on parasitoids of Drosophila. initially, this actual curiosity for species parasitizing Drosophila hosts has been influenced by way of the phenomenal wisdom we have now on Drosophila species themselves, and especially on D. melanogaster. making the most of this information, the examine performed on Drosophila parasitoids have coated very diverse subject matters, reminiscent of physiological and immunity relationships with hosts, copy options, the function of symbiotic micro-organisms, behavioural and chemical ecology, genetics, inhabitants dynamics, evolutionary biology, different methods of which together with box surveys and laboratory experiments. for this reason, we now make the most of a very substantial and prolonged wisdom of the biology (and additionally biochemistry, molecular genetics, .) of those parasitoid species typically belonging to Braconidae and Cynipidae Hymenoptera, and in their relationships with their Drosophila hosts.
Extensive experiences were carried out on a variety of parasitoid species, and just about all various ways of the biology of parasitoids were, at least one time, studied on parasitoids of Drosophila.
This ebook synthesizes different fields of analysis that can be explored because of the "Drosophila parasitoid" version. It shows how the complementary wisdom coming up from various methods is inspiring the improvement of latest components of analysis in this organic version. it is going to additionally record innovations and techniques in particular tailored to the research of larval parasitoid species.
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Additional resources for Advances in Parasitology
Using a wider host range, we compared the influence of the five sympatric Drosophila species potentially used as a host by L. heterotoma in the southeast of France (21 C, photoperiod LD 16:8). Under experimental condition, survival of all host species is high but they differ in size with the following order using D. simulans as reference: D. melanogaster (120% dry weight), D. subobscura (150%), D. immigrans (230%) and D. hydei (310%) with the same trend observed for development time. These five Drosophila species clearly do not offer the same developmental conditions to L.
Melanogaster (mel) as developmental host or parental host on the Leptopilina heteroma phenotype. Sample sizes for the four combinations of parental and developmental hosts (from left to right on the figures) are (A) for preimaginal survival: 7, 9, 6 and 11; (B) for tibia length: 54, 50, 42 and 27; (C) for fecundity: 56, 42, 46 and 26. Ecology and Life History Evolution of Frugivorous Drosophila Parasitoids 23 fungi. Laboratory experiments often showed that live baker’s yeast odor is attractive (Vet, 1985a).
5 L. boulardi + L. 3 Aggregation of infestation by isolated or competing Leptopilina females. 5 cm diameter) during 24 h (25 C, LD 12:12). Each graph indicates the observed value of aggregation index (arrow) compared to the simulated distribution of this index under the hypothesis of random parasitoid attacks on all patches (500 simulations). Results show that alone (A, B) or by conspecific pairs (C, D), both species aggregate their attacks mainly on one patch only. In contrast, interaction between L.
Advances in Parasitology by Genevieve Prevost (Eds.)