By Jacqueline Lenoble, Lorraine Remer, Didier Tanre
This booklet supplies a far wanted clarification of the fundamental actual ideas of radiative move and distant sensing, and provides the entire tools and retrieval algorithms in a homogenous demeanour. The editors supply, for the 1st time, a simple direction from concept to sensible algorithms in a single simply available quantity, making the relationship among theoretical radiative move and person functional options to retrieve aerosol details from distant sensing, and delivering the specifics and intercomparison of all present and ancient retrieval equipment.
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Extra info for Aerosol Remote Sensing
15) implies that a quasi-monochromatic beam can be partially polarized and even unpolarized. The latter means that the temporal behavior of Re[E(r, t)] is completely “erratic”, so that there is no “preferential ellipse”. This is, for example, the case for the extraterrestrial solar radiation. 16) where n numbers the beams. 17) The parameters of the “preferential ellipse” of a parallel quasi-monochromatic beam of light can be viewed as quantitative descriptors of the asymmetry in the directional distribution and/or rotation direction distribution of the vector Re[E(r,t)] in the wave plane.
They exist in a variety of forms: solid matter (soluble or insoluble), liquid matter (chemicals dissolved in water), or a mixture of the two. They DUHVXEMHFWWRFRQWLQXRXVWUDQVIRUPDWLRQïWKHUHVXOWRIFKHPLFDOSKRWRFKHPLFDODQGK\GURORJLFDO UHDFWLRQV ï DQG WKH\ DIIHFW WKH ZHDWKHU DQG FOLPDWH V\VWHP GLUHFWO\ WKURXJK WKHLUHIIHFWRQWKHUDGLDWLRQÀHOGDQGLQGLUHFWO\WKURXJKWKHLULQWHUDFWLRQZLWKFORXGVDQG precipitation. Aerosols are generally the result of direct emission into the atmosphere or the product of interactions involving the surface (including the biosphere), the atmosphere, and radiation.
The fourth column gives the median value and range from an ensemble of different models of the total mass burden of aerosols in the atmosphere. Note that by mass, the mostly natural sources of aerosol that include dust and sea salt represent the overwhelming mass burden of the atmosphere. Also note the wide range of model results. (VWLPDWLQJWKHGLVWULEXWLRQRIWKHDHURVROORDGLQJRIWKHDWPRVSKHUHDFURVVVSHFLÀFDHURVRO types is highly uncertain. 4) ï BC ï ï ï POM2 ï ï ï Dust ï ï ï Sea Salt ï ï ï Aerosol type 1 Tg (teragram) = 1012 g or 1 million metric tons 2 The sulfate aerosol source is mainly SO2 oxidation plus a small fraction of direct emission.
Aerosol Remote Sensing by Jacqueline Lenoble, Lorraine Remer, Didier Tanre