Read e-book online Aggression and Conflict: A Cross-Cultural Encyclopedia PDF

By David Levinson

ISBN-10: 087436728X

ISBN-13: 9780874367287

An exam and comparability of the ways that assorted cultures exhibit and unravel clash. appears at a variety of different types of aggression between contributors and teams, together with family members violence, capital punishment, animal cruelty and rites of initiation, and on the resolutions tried.

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When an individual is considered productive, he or she is more likely to be supported or the object of nonsupportive, but not death-hastening, treatment. Thus, the image of old people floating off into the sea on an ice flow is an oversimplification. While in about 36 percent of nonWestern societies some aged are left to die, it is usually only those considered decrepit who are the socially acceptable objects of deathhastening behaviors. For example, among the Yanomamo of northwestern Brazil, only the aged, who are unable to participate in migrations, and D Death-hastening behavior is action or inaction DKATHby members of a society HASTKNING BEHAVIOR that directly leads to the death of another member of the society.

Counting coup is the name used for a set of customs related to public recognition of bravery in warfare characteristic of the Plains Indians of the central United States and southern Canada. Counting coup was part of the warfare complex of these groups that was a major feature of Plains culture in the eighteenth and nineteenth century. S. cavalry ended by 1890 when the Plains groups were either relocated or placed on reservations. Among major Plains groups are the Crow, Blackfoot, Comanche, Cheyenne, Arapaho, Pawnee, and Lakota.

This image does not reflect reality, and, in fact, there is some question as to whether cannibalism as a regular practice has ever existed in any society. 2. Westerners who established contact with indigenous peoples often had an interest in describing these cultures as uncivilized— they often coveted indigenous peoples' land, labor, natural resources, and souls. Defining people and cultures as less than human has long been used as a justification for killing them, enslaving them, or taking their land.

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Aggression and Conflict: A Cross-Cultural Encyclopedia (Encyclopedias of the Human Experience) by David Levinson


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