By World Bank, James Manor
Examine in recent times on relief effectiveness exhibits that major stumbling blocks in fragile states--insecurity, negative governance and susceptible implementation capacity--usually hinder relief from attaining the specified leads to those environments. This learn investigates the attributes and effectiveness of donor-supported programmes and tasks that labored good lower than tricky stipulations in fragile states. awarded during this learn are 9 improvement tasks in six much less built countries—Afghanistan, Cambodia, Mozambique, Sierra Leone, Timor Leste and Uganda. The instances exhibit that improvement tasks, which have interaction neighborhood groups and native point governments, are usually capable of have major impression. in spite of the fact that, for extra massive advancements to take locations, localized earnings have to be scaled up both horizontally (other localities) or vertically (to better levels). Given some great benefits of operating on the neighborhood point and the trouble of operating via mainstream bureaucratic corporations at better degrees in those nations, donors frequently wish to create 'parallel-agencies' to arrive out to bigger numbers of beneficiaries. despite the fact that, this can ultimately weaken the legitimacy of mainstream govt associations, and donor businesses may well for that reason decide to paintings as heavily as attainable with govt officers from the start to construct belief and demonstrating that new tasks are non-threatening and aid organize the eventual mainstreaming of 'parallel agencies'.
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Additional info for Aid that works: successful development in fragile states
This change was potentially important to elected councils at the municipio level because actors in autocratic structures at the district (c) The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank 30 Manor level had often crippled their efforts. More to the point, if district-level government could be opened up, the character of the Mozambican regime would change in fundamental ways. National-level leaders agreed to the experiment in only a few districts because they were deeply anxious that democratization at that level might prove destabilizing.
As noted in Lister’s chapter on Afghanistan, adequate provision of external funds for programs can be mightily reassuring to governments and can encourage a sense of ownership. Popular ownership of development programs is also essential. Most of the programs examined in this volume developed strong links with local citizens, which enabled their preferences to influence the development process. This link made popular ownership easier to secure than government ownership. Engendering Spillovers Achievements in one sector or geographic area may influence actors in other sectors or areas to adopt the approaches that produced the achievements.
Many governments in developing countries hesitate to attempt such initiatives, because they carry serious political risks. They often prefer to undertake more modest, incremental reforms that do not produce macrosystemic change, because their capacity and legitimacy are open to serious doubt, and because they find it more difficult than well-entrenched governments to withstand reactions from potent interests. Our cases indicate that donors did little to press for transformative reforms in these countries.
Aid that works: successful development in fragile states by World Bank, James Manor